Oil on canvas
28 x 23 inches (71 x 58.5 cm)
Framed: 38 ¾ x 34 ¼ inches (98.4 x 87cm cm)
Signed lower right: Bombois. C.lle
David B Findlay Galleries, NY
Collection of Mary Cassatt
Museum of Modern Art, New York, Masters of popular painting: modern primitives of Europe and America, 1938
Holger Cahill, Maximilien Gauthier, Jean Cassou, Dorothy C. Miller, Masters of Popular Painting; Modern Primitives of Europe and America, Exhibition catalogue, New York, 1938, p. 32, no 16, illustrated in color.
Camille Bombois was born in Vernarey-les-Laumes, Cotes d’Or in France in 1883. He left school to work on a farm at age twelve and began drawing four years later. In 1907, Bombois fulfilled his dream of moving to Paris, where he married and worked as a railway laborer, eventually finding a night job at a newspaper printing plant handling heavy newsprint rolls. Despite the exhausting nature of his job he painted from dawn to dusk.1914 marked the beginning of four-and-a-half years of military service in World War I. Bombois spent much of it on the front line, earning three decorations for bravery. Upon his return home, encouraged that his wife had succeeded in selling a number of his paintings in his absence, he resumed his routine of night labor and daytime painting.
By 1922, his sidewalk displays in Montmartre had begun attracting the attention of collectors, as well as art dealer Wilhelm Uhde, who “discovered” him. His first exhibition was the 1937 “Maîtres populaires de la réalité”, Paris. Critics compared Bombois’ work to that of Henri Rousseau, which it resembled in its naïve drawing, crisp delineation of form, and attention to detail.
Camille Bombois painted with a strong man’s delicacy. Everything visible is precisely defined and set off from the indistinctness of light and movement. Bombois loved the massive darkness of the black paint he uses so heavily. He adored the billiard green, the velvet red, the strong yellow, the saccharine violet of circus posters and the interiors of bordellos. They correspond to the crude objectivity of his drawings. In his landscapes and still lives alike, Bombois was a brilliant colorist and a genius of depth.
Our painting, Les Glaneuses, is set within a colorful field with figures so typical to the artist’s style, dressed in red and black, gathering and harversting the wheat. A pond with liliy pads and a row boat gliding along the water, sepatates the fields from a lovely townscape with blue skies and puffy clouds above. The composition highlights Bombois’ considerable talent and unique style. A female figure at the right corner of the foreground, stares straight out at the viewer, capturing our attention before absorbing the mulit-faceted composition of fields, water and townscape. The palette offers up crisp golden shades of the harvest, bold green shades of the foliage, grasses and lush clusters of trees to the right side of the town.