Fine Art

Henri Lebasque

French, 1865-1937

Portrait d’enfant en pied

 
Pencil and gouache on paper
16 1/2 x 9 1/8 inches (42 x 23 cm)
Framed: 23 x 16 inches (58.4 x 40.6 cm)
Signed and dated lower right: H. Lebasque 1907

Provenance:

Private collection, NY

Literature:

Denise Bazetoux, Henri Lebasque: catalogue raisonne, Vol 1, Paris, 2008, p. 163, ill S39

Accompanied by a photo certificate from Denise Bazetoux, 18 July 2001

Born in a small village near the Sarthe, Henri Lebasque enrolled as a student at his local art school, the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, in Angers. In 1886, he went to Paris and briefly studied under Bonnat. He later studied under Humbert and aided in his decorations of the Panthéon.  Lebasque made his début at the Salon des Indépendants in 1896 and also participated in the Salon des Artistes Français. In his youth, he frequently visited the aging Pissarro, who lived near Paris, and in his studio, he learned crucial lessons about line, form and color. Undoubtedly the influence of Pissarro upon Lebasque was far greater than that of Bonnat.
 
As the era of the first great Impressionists moved toward its close with Pissarro’s death in 1903, another era in French art began, with Lebasque participating in the inaugural exhibition at the Salon d’Automne, on whose committee he gave lifelong service. He was at one time wrongly classified with the Fauves, doubtless a result of his exhibiting alongside them in the Salon d’Automne during the exciting and innovative first few years of the 20th century. At the Salon des Indépendants in 1893, he met Luce and Signac for the first time and under their influence adopted the Pointillist technique for some years. By 1900, Lebasque was married. He settled with his family in Lagny to the east of Paris until 1906, mostly painting scenes along the wooded banks of the Marne. At about that time, he was introduced to the Midi by his friend Albert Manguin and the region wrought a dramatic transformation on his painting, from which he never turned back. He also spent much time painting in other far-flung regions of the land, in Vendée, Brittany, Normandy, Sanary (near Toulon) and Nice. For periods in 1912, 1915 and 1921 he lived in Les Andelys, on the Seine to the west of Paris and used the backdrop of steep chalky cliffs against the leafy river to great effect in his paintings.

For more than thirty years he used members of his own family as models in his paintings and the artifacts, interiors, houses, gardens, riverbanks and beaches in his pictures were drawn from places where he stayed for long periods. After spending a few seasons in Saint-Tropez and Saint-Maxime, he finally decided on Le Cannet, and made his permanent home there in 1924.  Admiration as a fellow artist drew Lebasque to his friend and neighbor Bonnard, whose work bore a similarity in theme to his own. He was also acquainted with other leading artists of the day: Matisse, Rouault, Dufy, Valtat and Manguin, but his connections with them did not inflate his personality and neither did it eclipse his standing as an artist in his own right. He evolved a style all his own, creating a distinctly pleasing, understandable, and accessible way of painting. His subjects for the most part are landscapes, flowers, still-lifes, nudes and figures, always characterized by an attractive use of light and color. During Lebasque’s lifetime his work was widely admired by the public and was well received by the all-powerful critics of the time, whose opinions carried great weight. Lebasque worked on a few public projects, most notably the décor of the Théâtre des Champs-Elysées. He died at le Cannet, AlpesMaritimes in 1937 and in the same year, a group of his works was shown at the Exhibition of the Maîtres d’Art Indépendants at the Petit-Palais. Twenty years after his death, the Musée des Ponchettes in Nice held a retrospective and another exhibition in 1981 featured his work in St Paul-de-Vence.

The watercolor drawings and works on paper executed by Lebasque form a large and special part of his total ouevre. Since 1926 when the small book Quelques Aquarelles d’Henri Lebasque was published, these pieces have been admired and collected throughout the world. Although some of the watercolors, gouaches and pastels were studies, the majority are polished examples that celebrate his mastery. The works within the early period of Lebasque’s career are typically Impressionistic depictions of rather formal figures, a stylistic tendancy exemplefied by our piece.

Our gouache, Portrait of d’enfant en pied, seems to be a finished work on paper.  The sitter has been identified by Denise Bazetoux as possibly one of the aristocratic members of the De Camondo family from Spain. Lebasque depicts here an adorable child dressed in blue and looking directly at the viewer with bright blue eyes.  He seems to be dressed up for a special occasion in this suit and with the blue bow in her hair. The rose colored cheeks and the pink lips add contrast to the blue eyes.